CoP26 Summit | Leaders Promise To Save Forests And Cut Methane


CoP26 global climate conference in Glasgow leaders have pledged to slash emissions and stop deforestation by the decade end to potent greenhouse gases, including methane, for helping in slowing down the climate change. 


The inability of capabilities so far to allow for prompt and rapid reductions in the utilization of fossil fuels, the leading cause of artificial or man-made global warming, has upset the smaller and poorer countries who are more to suffer due to its worst effects. 


President of Palau, Surangel Whipps Jr,  around 500 low-lying islands from rising sea levels under threat, said the directors of the G20 industrial powers: “We are drowning day by day and our only and last hope is the life-ring we all are holding.” Nearly 90 of the countries have joined an EU-and-U.S.-led effort to slash methane emissions 30 percent by the end of 2030 from 2020 levels, a senior Biden administration official said ahead of a formal statement on Tuesday.


Methane is more short-lived in the environment than other gas like carbon dioxide but eighty times more effective in warming the planet, cutting gas emissions, since pre-industrial times estimated in having accounted for 30 percent of global warming, which is one of the most practical ways of reducing climate change.

FRC warns over climate disclosures ahead of COP26 summit

According to the United States official, first announced in September, the Global Methane Pledge now includes discharges from two-thirds of the global marketplace. On Tuesday, Among the signatories to be announced is Brazil — one of the five largest methane emitters, which was generated in digestive systems of the cows, in landfill trash, and in gas and oil production.


According to the non-profit world resources institution, 3 others, which includes Russia, China, and India – have not signed up yet, while on the other hand, Australia has said it will not back the pledge. Humanity has also developed greenhouse gases in the environment, which is harming climate by cutting away at the forest that absorbs roughly 30 percent of carbon dioxide emissions. 


Lost forests

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According to WRI’s Global Forest Watch, The world lost 100,000 sq miles (258,000 sq km) of forest — a larger area than the United Kingdom in 2020. The conservation and protection charity WWF estimated that 27 football fields of forest are lost every minute. More than 100 national and political leaders pledged to stop, reverse deforestation and start land degradation by the end of this decade, underpinned by 19 billion dollars in private and public funds for the investment to protect and restore forests.


The exchange greatly increases a promise addressed by 40 countries of the 2014 New York Declaration of Forests and promises more resources. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said, “Let’s end this global chainsaw massacre by creating conservation and maintence do what we understand it can do and achieve long-term sustainable careers and growth as well.” 


CoP26 aims to keep alive a receding target for capping global warming at  2.7 Fahrenheit (1.5 degrees Celsius), which is above pre-industrial levels for averting still significant loss from increased heat waves, storms, droughts, coastal damage, and floods that climate change is already causing.


Under the agreement, 12 countries pledged to provide 12 billion dollars of public funding between the years 2021 and 2025 to developing countries in restoring the degraded land and tackling wildfires. At least 7.2 billion dollars will come from private sector investors representing 8.7 trillion dollars in assets under management, who pledged to stop financing, leading to deforestation, including palm oil, cattle, and pulp production, and soybean farming.


Brazil has opened huge swathes of the Amazon rainforest, making a new promise on Monday to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions by 50 percent by 2030, compared with a previous pledge of 43 percent. The Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, set out for a targeting date for India, massively albeit only in 2070 reliant on coal, to reduce its carbon emissions to a level it can absorb -20 years beyond the global recommendation by the United States.


‘Impossible to negotiate’

Global carbon emissions down by record 7% in 2020 | News | DW | 11.12.2020

There is a scant indication so far of shared resolve by the two biggest carbon polluters, China and the United States globally, which together account for more than 40 percent of global emissions but are at odds on several issues. The United States President Joe Biden has singled out China and protecting oil producer Russia for neglecting to step up their climate goals in Glasgow. In contrast, Beijing has rejected Washington’s efforts to separate climate issues from their wider disagreements.


In an editorial on Monday, the Communist Party-run Global Times announced that this attitude had been made by Washington “making it impossible for countries like China to have fair negotiation amid for the tensions.”


On Tuesday, China said that President Xi Jinping, who elected not to visit in person, had not done for delivering a video address and should send a written response instead – in which he offered no pledges. 


The government of country British said it had required people to attend the discussion in person with a body and had allowed absentees the opportunity to provide recorded addresses or statements. Costa Rican President Carlos Alvarado Quesada said, “If the planet was a single and a private company,” “imagine that for a minute,and the leaders of the world were to be different CEOs of the corporations – today we would all be fired.”

edited and proofread by: nikita sharma

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